Special Purpose

Schools/Education Facilities

We provide commercial appraisal and valuation services for school properties. A school is an institution designed for the teaching of students under the direction of teachers. There are various schools from primary schools for your children and secondary schools for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly… Read More

Church – Places of Worship – Religious Facilities

We provide commercial appraisal and valuation services for church/place of worship/religious facility properties. A church, place of worship, or religious facility is a building that is used for religious activities, particular worship services. The religious facilities valuation group at Foss Consulting Group has extensive experience and training in the valuation of religious properties such as classic chapels,… Read More


A marina is a dock or basin with moorings and supplies for yachts and small boats. A marina differs from a port in that a marina does not handle large passenger ships or cargo from freighters. Most commercial appraisers use a combination of the Sales Comparison Approach, Income Approach and Cost Approach to help them… Read More

Parking Lot/Parking Garage

A parking lot (also known as car lot), is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles. A parking garage (also known as parking structure, parking ramp, parkade, parking building, parking deck or indoor parking) is a building designed for car parking and where there are a number of floors or levels on which… Read More


We provide commercial appraisal and valuation services for winery/vineyard properties. A winery/vineyard is a building or property of grape-bearing vines that produces wine, or a business involved in the production of wine, such as a wine company. Some wine companies, own many wineries. Besides wine making equipment, larger wineries may also feature warehouses, bottling lines,… Read More

Golf Course

We provide commercial appraisal and valuation services for golf courses. Golf course appraisals are complicated and unique commercial appraisal assignments. A golf course is actually a large business enterprise that groups revenue-producing departments under one main income stream for the entire property. Golf courses are not only sensitive to the local real estate market, but… Read More


A casino is a facility which houses and accommodates certain types of gambling activities. The industry that deals in casinos is called the gaming industry. Casinos are most commonly built near or combined with hotels, restaurants, retail shopping or other tourist attractions. We have dedicated commercial appraisers focused on all kinds of casino/gaming facilities. Please… Read More

Cell and Communication Tower

A cell site or cell tower is a cellular telephone site where antennas and electronic communications equipment are placed, usually on a radio mast, tower or other high place, to create a cell (or adjacent cells) in cellular network. The elevated structure typically supports antennas, and one or more sets of transmitter/receivers transceivers, digital signal… Read More


A billboard is a large outdoor advertising structure, typically found in high-traffic areas such as alongside busy roads. Billboards present large advertisements to passing pedestrians and drivers. Typically showing large, ostensibly witty slogans, and distinctive visuals, billboards are highly visible in the top designated market areas. A notable commercial appraisal assignment that we recently performed… Read More

Green Building

A green building (also known as green construction or sustainable building) refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building’s life-cycle: from design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. This requires close cooperation of the design team, the architects, the engineers, and the client at all project stages…. Read More

Agricultural – Farming

The major agricultural (also known as farming) products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials. Specific foods include cereals (grains), vegetables, fruits, oils, meats and spices. Fibers include cotton, wool, hemp, silk and flax. Raw materials include lumber and bamboo. Other useful materials are produced by plants, such as resins, dyes,… Read More


Leasehold is a form of land tenure or property tenure where one party buys the right to occupy land or a building for a given length of time. A lease is a legal estate, leasehold estate can be bought and sold on the open market. A leasehold thus differs from a freehold or fee simple… Read More


A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized staff and equipment. Hospitals are usually funded by the public sector, by health organizations (for profit or nonprofit), health insurance companies, or charities, including direct charitable donations. At Vanguard, we have provided in-depth comprehensive commercial appraisals and market studies nationally for proposed and… Read More

Assisted Living Properties

Assisted Living is a broad term used to describe a housing facility for people with disabilities. These facilities provide supervision or assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs); coordination of services by outside health care providers; and monitoring of resident activities to help to ensure their health, safety, and well-being. Assisted living is a special… Read More

Congregate Senior Housing

Congregate senior housing, or congregate senior living, offers independent living in separate apartments, and opportunities to share activities of daily living with other residents, as one chooses. They may be rental or ownership units or include a buy-in. These facilities are in between senior apartments and assisted living facilities with their level of service to… Read More